The Journal of New Brunswick Studies/Revue d’études sur le Nouveau-Brunswick welcomes submissions, in French or in English, from scholars in all fields of the humanities and social sciences whose research focuses on some aspect of New Brunswick society. All submissions are by electronic means only. It is understood that manuscripts submitted to the JNBS/RÉNB have not been previously published nor are under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts submitted for consideration are reviewed by the Editor who will decide if the manuscript should be sent to a minimum of two referees, who are experts in the academic discipline of the manuscript. This peer-review process is double-blind in that the Editor insures that both authors and referees remain anonymous to each other. Referee reports are made available to authors by the Editor who indicates whether the manuscript has been rejected, accepted on condition of author revisions as recommended by referees, or accepted with minor editorial revisions. Final decisions on acceptance or rejection rest with the Editor, in consultation with the Editorial Board.
All submissions must be accompanied by an abstract of no more than 120 words and a 50-word biographical statement. (Longer abstracts and bios will be returned for revision.)
Articles should not exceed 10,000 words, including notes and references. Authors are responsible for obtaining copyright clearances and permissions where necessary (i.e., permission to use unpublished or quoted material that falls outside fair use guidelines). Authors are also responsible for permission fees.
Manuscripts may be submitted electronically through our OJS (Open Journal System) site. If you already have a username and password for the JNBS/RÉNB OJS site, you may log in here. If you require a username and password, you may obtain them here. Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
- The submission file is in Microsoft Word or RTF file format.
- Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and referencing requirements outlined in the "Author Guidelines" below.
- If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in "Ensuring a Blind Review" have been followed.
Please note that these guidelines are for English-language submissions. Authors wishing to submit a French text should consult the French Author Guidelines page on the parallel French site.
JNBS/RÉNB welcomes submissions from scholars in the wide range of humanities and social sciences disciplines, many of which do not share a common referencing style. In order to accommodate this diversity, JNBS/RÉNB has chosen to use the Modern Languages Association (MLA) citation style since it offers the widest range of options under one framework. Authors are therefore invited to conform to any of MLA’s standard protocols (either footnote or endnote referencing, or parenthetical citation with a Works Cited page). Please consult the 7th edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.) for clarification.
In most cases, spelling should follow Canadian norms (with the exception being quoted material). Where there is uncertainty, please consult the Canadian Oxford English Dictionary to confirm correct spellings. If the dictionary recognizes alternative spellings, the first one listed is preferred.
Articles submitted to JNBS/RÉNB that are not in one of the MLA standards will be returned to the author for formatting before being sent to reviewers.
The Editor reserves the right to make minor editorial changes (to correct minor spelling or grammar errors, for instance) to manuscripts.
- please keep special formatting to a minimum
- all text should be doubled-spaced (including footnotes/endnotes, if possible)
- font style and size: Times New Roman 12
- the first line of paragraphs should be indented
- endnotes or parenthetic referencing with a Works Cited page are preferred, but footnotes are acceptable; if using endnotes or footnotes, a Works Cited page is not required
- margins: left justified only (except block quotations), one inch all around
- block quotations: indent one tab (0.5 inches), single-spaced, left justified only, no quotation marks
- use only one space after all punctuation, including periods and commas
- insert one line between paragraphs
- italicize titles of books, periodicals, plays, and films; titles of articles, chapters, poems, and songs appear in quotation marks
- expressions in foreign languages should be italicized, except for commonly used foreign words or proper nouns
- do not hyphenate a word ending a line unless it is a hyphenated word (co-editor but not manu-script)
- dashes within sentence: use em dashes without spaces on either side
- ellipse: three dots with no space before or after the first and last dot, and no square bracket. Avoid ellipses at the beginning or end of quotations.
- insert a comma before the last item in a series: apples, oranges, and pears
- periods and commas at the end of quoted matter: to be placed inside the closing quotation marks. For example, He said the legislation was “hopelessly inadequate.” Colons and semi-colons that are not part of the quotation should be placed outside the quotation marks.
- do not leave spaces between the initials of personal names: R.W.B. Lewis
- 18 July 1976 or 4 July 1962 (day precedes month)
- 27 September
- September 1940 (no comma)
- 1960s (no apostrophe, unless clearly possessive: “The 1960’s attitude was loose.”)
- nineteenth century (spell out); the thirties (spell out)
- for names ending in “s,” add another “s” after the possessive apostrophe: Richards’s body of work
- spell out numbers less than 100 that indicate quantity: eighteen miles; ninety years; 127 citizens. And spell out all large round numbers (six million).
- express with figures numbers that do not indicate quantity: grade 6; 8 percent; 2 o’clock
- use the shortest possible form for number ranges (450-4, 450-64) and years (1987-9, 1987-92)
- remove periods in abbreviations where possible: NB, NS, NATO, UNESCO, UN
- academic degrees should follow the same format: BA, MA, PhD
- do not underline or italicize scholarly abbreviations: ibid., et al., i.e.
- many sources do not have a date, publisher or pagination - MLA advises, where applicable, to write n. pag. for those sources without page numbers, n.d. for no date, and N.p. if name of the publisher is omitted.
- generally, only proper nouns and formal titles should be capitalized, except when capitalization is necessary to avoid ambiguity
- also, specific racial, linguistic, tribal, and other groupings of people are capitalized: Wolastoqiyik, Indo-European
Quoted Material & Spelling:
- for accuracy, please check all quotations and page numbers against the originals before submitting your article
- quoted matter of less than four lines long is generally run into the text
- any modifications to the cited text must be indicated by using square brackets [ ].
- spelling mistakes will be assumed to be typist’s errors (typos) and will be corrected before typesetting unless followed by [sic] (no italic)
- use double quotations marks for quotations and single quotation marks for quotes within quotes. Use italic (not single quotation marks) to indicate emphasis.
- JNBS/RÉNB does not hyphenate words like postmodernism, Eurocentric, postcolonialism
- keep discursive endnotes to an absolute minimum—information that is key to your argument should be incorporated into your text
- in cases where a Works Cited page is used, works should be listed in alphabetical order, excluding the definite article. Multiple works by a single author should be listed chronologically. Where there are multiple works by the same author, the author’s name is listed only once, followed by three dashes and a period (---.) in subsequent entries.
- pagination must be provided for articles, chapters, and poems that appear in volumes.
- URLs are no longer required in citations. Due to the changeable nature of the URLs, MLA recommends that writers only include a web address if the audience is unlikely to find the source otherwise.
- all entries in a Works Cited page, whether they are print or electronic, must now include the medium in which they have been published (Print, Web, DVD, Television, etc.)
- North Atlantic, northern Atlantic
- the Continent, continental Europe
- JNBS/RÉNB welcomes the inclusion of photographs with manuscripts. Please submit photographs as jpegs with minimum 300 dpi resolution. Each photos/image should have a credit line with name of creator, year of creation, and permission information.